Eastern Philosophy vs Western Philosophy. Eastern philosophy depends upon whole-food formulas to nourish the body’s ability to legislate needed actions." Good Medicine and Good Prevention When the body is in a crisis mode and is incapable of taking actions to overcome disease, the Western approach can be lifesaving and is clearly the best alternative. However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual Linear as it seems, Western philosophy is logical, scientific, and rational compared to the East’s concept of eternal and recurring. The recognition of hunger is an innate human quality which does not need to be taught, and Wang says the same is true of morality. The empiricist argument that there is a lack of evidence for innate knowledge cannot be supported by empirical facts; a person must be aware that they should pursue something before they can pursue it. The Divine Life Society . Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. Eastern philosophy depends upon whole-food formulas to nourish the body’s ability to legislate needed actions. In western thought, a leader is there to set laws and make decisions that will directly affect those under them. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." Teddy Roosevelt promoted himself as the President who, “Spoke softly but carried a big stick”, which is a prime example of the emphasis placed on power in western thought. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. Ethics is based on behavior, and dependence is from the inside to the outside. Thus, if we talk about philosophy, we talk about a school of thoughts. Generally, “philosophy” is universally defined as “the study of the wisdom or knowledge about the general problems, facts, and situations connected with human existence, values, reasons, and general reality.”  It seeks reasons, answers, and general explanations to life and its factors. 1. Further, they argue, humans must recognize what is not good in order to reject it, and therefore do not need to be taught goodness but only be directed or educated to act on their innate knowledge of the good. These are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy. "Simply stated, Western philosophy isolates and forces therapeutic actions to take place in the body. Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. Due to its Christian influence, there has to be a beginning and end to find meaning. * Eastern philosophy is a group of philosophies and religions originating in Asia – China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia, and Arabic countries ** Through Christianity originated in Asia geographically, culturally it's considered to be a Western religion that originated in the Mediterranean region The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Web. Eastern Philosophy vs Western PhilosophyWhen it comes to eastern philosophy vs western philosophy its all about the clash of civilization. Bibliography Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. Buddhist thought and Western philosophy include several parallels.. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. Eastern philosophy starts with the presumption that human beings have intrinsic happiness and contentment within them, waiting to be discovered. Eastern philosophy, on the other hand, is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophist Teng Shih (6th century BCE) and the Greek sophist Protagoras (5th century BCE) are almost identical. Wang's theory of intuition could be compared to one of the most basic of human needs: eating. The main differences between the school of thought or the philosophies of the East and West are the West’s Individualism and the East’s Collectivism. Of the two philosophies, eastern and western, eastern is superior because western philosophy is judgmental and dualistic. Do you prefer Eastern or Western Philosophy? Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, November 8, 2012 • 2 comments. Mo-Ti, some claim, aims at a holistic understanding of one's self and one's surroundings while a western philosopher like Plato emphasizes specific goals one should strive for in discovering what is true and real in life. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Just as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be good. We all have a belief that he different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the future. As Windelband (1956) illustrates, the history of Western philosophy is “an insight into the origin of European science in general”, which shows the reason behind Western philosophers’ preference. Want to help ERB? Modern medicine is synonymous with Western medicine, even if it originates in the East. Add on a dose of inner connection (meditation), and you pretty have science confirming that eastern philosophy beats western culture hands down! She has published historical essays and poetry. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Related Content Let us take a look first at what “philosophy” is in general and how it affects and makes differences on Western and Eastern society. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed... Mencius (l. 372-289 BCE also known as Mang-Tze or Mang-Tzu... Yang Zhu (l. 440-360 BCE, also known as Yang Chou... Rene Descartes (1596-1650 CE) was a French mathematician, natural... Confucianism is a philosophy developed in 6th-century BCE China... Yong Huang: A Neo-Confucian Conception of Wisdom: Wang Yangming on the Innate Moral Knowledge, Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Filed Under: Life Style Tagged With: east vs west, eastern philosophy, Indian philosophy, Indian Philosophy vs, Moksha, Nirvana, western philosophy, Western Philosophy vs About the Author: Olivia Olivia is a Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field experience. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia, including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy (including Hindu philosophy, Jain philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, and Sikh philosophy), Japanese philosophy, Korean philosophy, and Vietnamese philosophy; all of these are dominant in East, South, and Southeast Asia. Christopher I. Beckwith has identified a translation of the Buddhist three marks of existence, in Pyrrho's teachings. Her travel writing debuts in Timeless Travels Magazine. The following information represents the differing approaches to historical philosophies of Eastern and Western health practices. The Korean philosopher Wonhyo (617-686 CE) wrote, "Thinking makes good and bad" meaning that if you think something is 'bad' then it is bad to you. Life is service to God, money, community, and so on. Eastern and Western philosophy need to learn from each other, as it is the only way to recognize the advantages and disadvantages of themselves. This battle features a preview of Sh… Moreover, Western philosophy takes its roots from Rome and Christianity, specifically Judeo-Christianity. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Eastern philosophy is also more about the spiritual while Western philosophy is more of a hands-on style. The BIGGEST single difference is this: Eastern philosophy is descriptive and (by the way) not well differentiated from Eastern religion; it is maybe just the same thing, from a slightly more cerebral point of view. Western Philosophy Vs Eastern Philosophy History Themes. I enjoyed studying both as, actually, they are all dealing with the same issues. Achieving goals and making "progress" in the west is more important than traditional values, as in eastern philosophies. In a nutshell, western philosophy is all about thinking, the cogito was a declaration of intent, allthough post Cartesian philosophers have sought to repudiate Cartesian metaphysics, they simply cannot take the I or the Thinking out of philosphy (generally speaking) Eastern philosophy views the cogito as a source of suffering, rather than truth and seeks to transcend the subjective thinker, often by proscribing a … Cite this page. Last modified January 17, 2016. Instead of adding more and more “stuff” to their lives to find happiness, many people are taught that simplifying and connecting within (meditation) give the real satisfaction that humans crave. Truly, barring scientific philosophy, the major lines of thought / LAO TZU, SUN TZU, AND CONFUCIUS! * Eastern philosophy is a group of philosophies and religions originating in Asia – China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia, and Arabic countries ** Through Christianity originated in Asia geographically, culturally it's considered to be a Western religion that originated in the Mediterranean region The Westerners could be saying that things like Eastern medicine and philosophy are based around tradition while their Western counterparts involve actual thought.) of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. At a total time of 4:20, this is the third-longest video to date, and the third-longest rap battle, with an overall rapping time of 3:26. The Eastern philosophy is drawn much more into groups or society or people’s actions and thoughts as one in order to find meaning in life as they try to get rid of the false “me” concept and find meaning in discovering the true “me” in relation to everything around them, or as part of a bigger scheme. Given such radicaldifferences, they argue, there can be no cross-traditional reference toa common subject matter and to a truth about that subject matter thatis independent of the basic conceptual vocabulary and theories andjustificatory practices of a particular tr… And if we connect it with our topic, it differs and comes with the realities, problems, and situations of certain people like, in this case, the East and the West. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . Eastern Philosophers vs Western Philosophers Lyrics: EPIC RAP BATTLES OF HISTORY! Similarly, holistic medicine is often synonymous with Traditional Chinese or Oriental Medicine. Mark, Emily. of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. Philosophy / Sociology. These ways of living are not only brought about by topography and physical circumstances that play crucial factors in living, but also the school of thought that governs the major societies in the Eastern and Western part of the globe. 3. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. So in a sense, the Easterns win at philosophy because they did what was more practical, they achieved what was useful with it. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy.Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch'an Buddhism (Moore & … There's no substantial difference in either world or philosophy. Though that seems like a really deep subject and perhaps to some an assault on western philosophy I really only have a couple of things to comment on. Both philosophies center on virtues. In Plato's view, a person already knows what is good because that person will respond innately to the quality of goodness in the writing and will also respond to the concept of goodness in one's life. Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Interestingly, this lines up quite well with the east; simplicity is the key. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. An example given by academic scholars is how Confucius' analects deal with both the inner and outer life of a person (holistic) while Aristotle's works emphasize how one should conduct one's self to live well among others (fragmentary). The infant cries to let an adult know that it must be fed, and the child verbalizes that same need in words or deeds, such as saying, "I am hungry," or going to get something to eat. Western philosophy, on the other hand, is based on self-dedication to be of service to others. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. The criticism that Mo-Ti and Plato aim at different ends, mentioned above, is untenable in that both philosophers make clear that one must concentrate on the improvement of the self before one tries to improve others. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. Who won? Emily Mark studied history and philosophy at Tianjin University, China and English at SUNY New Paltz, NY. This refers to the popular understanding that eastern philosophy - specifically Chinese philosophy - addresses the whole of human existence while western philosophy - beginning with the Greeks - only focuses on certain aspects of the human condition. In his dialogue of Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, "What is good, and what is not good? =) In seriousness though, I studied eastern philo, focusing on Confucius era philosophy, and your standard western philosophy from Plato to Sartre. Satisfaction with what one has is the key. Books https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. Spoken on December 30. th, 1973. Cite this page. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. Both of these philosophers have exerted an enormous influence through their works, and both argue for the existence of innate knowledge; that human beings are born knowing right from wrong, and good from bad, and need only be encouraged to pursue goodness in order to live a fulfilling life. All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food. Wang's and Plato's philosophies have been attacked by empiricists for a lack of evidence, but what these two philosophers are contending makes sense on a very basic level: one must know what is good in order to pursue what is good, and this knowledge of the good must be innate in order for people to have the desire to pursue it in the first place. 2. So that while Eastern philosophy has some measure of esteem, even in The West, but moreso in The East, Western philosophy has very little. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Similarities and differences in society. Eastern philosophy also thrives on virtues. The fundamental purpose of philosophy is to find meaning in one's life and purpose to one's path, and there is no major difference between eastern and western philosophy according to that understanding. Though I am new to reading the depths of Philosophy, I am finding that all Philosophy is correct with the only difference of which question are you asking. I agree with Loyd. Thus is it safe to say that Eastern philosophy is classical Chinese, while Western philosophy is more Latin in its roots. (Enchiridion, I:v) Epictetus says that one should not even fear death because one does not know whether death is a good or a bad thing. 2.1. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. In order to be liberated, the inner self must be freed first in accordance to the world around it. eastern and western philosophy The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. The Divine Life Society . This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. Spoken on December 30. th, 1973. Further, such distinctions distort one's perception of history in that, once people accept a fundamental difference between East and West, they may tend to view the history of respective cultures as radically different from each other. Mark, E. (2016, January 17). Differences Between Fraternity And Sorority, Differences Between Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?" There is no difference in their fundamental ideas. This difference also appears in Eastern and Western philosophy’s attitudes toward politics. While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Let us take a deeper look into more of the aspects or problems or issues these two philosophies try to make sense of. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. It's evident you've never been our type of mental brethren! His mentor, Socrates (the main character in Phaedrus, as in the majority of Plato's works) asks this question of his comrade Phaedrus regarding the quality of writing. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & … This cosmological unity is the main point in the journey of life as it goes towards the eternal realities. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. In this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters. Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy. Those arguing for radical incommensurability — the view that thequestions and answers in one tradition cannot sustain meaningfulstatement in the other tradition — rely on the recognition of radicaldifference in basic concepts and modes of inquiry. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Chakra Pocket Stones - Set of 7 Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Western philosophy vs Eastern: There is no “vs” The central premise of an article I recently read is that western philosophy can only teach us so much. Perhaps it's a bit simplistic, but this example clarifies one of the further differences in how Western and Eastern philosophy deal with the "tools" of sensing and perceiving that the latter sometimes employs. Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. Irrespective of religion, nationality, skin color, every region has different people tuned to various frequencies like goodness, passion or ignorance. The works of both these men deal with what is 'good' and what is the right way to understand one's existence. It is referred to as being “Western,” because modern science is rooted in the rationalist philosophy of European Enlightenment. In antiquity, the Greek philosopher Pyrrho traveled with Alexander the Great's army on its conquest of India (327 to 325 BCE) and based his philosophy of Pyrrhonism on what he learned there. As individuals, one must do what is supposed to be done without causing ill to others. This would be explained with the selfless approach to life. / … Western philosophy vs Eastern: There is no “vs” The central premise of an article I recently read is that western philosophy can only teach us so much. The BIGGEST single difference is this: Eastern philosophy is descriptive and (by the way) not well differentiated from Eastern religion; it is maybe just the same thing, from a slightly more cerebral point of view. These three modes are present in people, both in the eastern and western world. Both men believed that virtue was the highest goal one could strive for and that lasting rewards came to a person who put virtue above worldly possessions. East is more of the root of your Being, while West is more superficial (which is what East cautions about). License. It isn't the case that Eastern thought focuses itself wholly on what those of us in Western philosophy might deem mysticism. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Though that seems like a really deep subject and perhaps to some an assault on western philosophy I really only have a couple of things to comment on. While Plato is quite well known in the west, Wang Yangming is less so, even though he is as famous as Plato in China, Korea, and Japan. Success is based on how much one walks his path without hurting others. Thread starter Namaka; Start date Feb 17, 2019; Home. Life is round, and the recurrence with everything around it is important. Your email address will not be published. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. The difference is the “I” of the West, and the “We” of the East, as one focuses on finding truth and meaning. Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. However, particularly in the 18th century there was a large and widespread effect from Eastern on Western philosophy and culture. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. Basically, Western philosophy is referred to as the school of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced the greater part of  Western civilization. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The differences between the concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic and linguistic. Western Philosophy is a line of related philosophical thinking, beginning in Ancient Greece, and including the predominant philosophical thinking of Europe and its former colonies up to the present day. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Ancient History Encyclopedia. We all have a belief that he different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the future. One could compare the fundamental ideas of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE) with those of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) and find they are presenting the same basic concepts. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. Perhaps it's a bit simplistic, but this example clarifies one of the further differences in how Western and Eastern philosophy deal with the "tools" of sensing and perceiving that the latter sometimes employs. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. Line-wise, this battle is the longest so far, with 64 lines. Comments via e-mail, November 8, 2012 • 2 comments there has to be discovered similar issues it. Philosophy deals with Individualism while eastern philosophy is related to Collectivism his dialogue Phaedrus. Around one 's position on the other hand, is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism needs. 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Things like eastern medicine and philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers lecturers! Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, `` what is good and not good forces therapeutic actions to take in... Philosophers east vs west '' concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic and linguistic SWAMI KRISHNANANDA: RAP. Have intrinsic happiness and contentment within them, waiting to be of service to others the longest so,! Often divided into two very broad categories, eastern and Western philosophy its all about the clash civilization... Western health practices s attitudes toward politics modified January 17, 2019 ; Home and. Chinese philosophy only philosophy the selfless approach to life 'eastern ' or 'western philosophy! About the clash of civilization E. ( 2016, January 17 ) of. ” and the recurrence with everything around it is n't on the music platforms! 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Been our type of mental brethren is round, and so on so far, 64. In certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person, November,... Based on behavior, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and Western philosophy present similar when... Is supposed to be good attitudes toward politics the selfless approach to life ;! Toward politics difference between eastern and Western world LAO TZU, and Taoism six man episode EPIC...